Livestock

The best dairy breeds of cows

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Dairy breeds of cows, in contrast to fellows of other directions, they differ in both external qualities and addition. They have a well-developed udder, digestive system, heart muscle. But at the same time they have mainly weak muscles and a pronounced backbone. Also, meat dairy breeds of cows have a not so elongated body. Different breeds of this direction have their own, a certain degree of milk fat content and the volume of the product obtained per year. The best dairy breeds of cows will be described in this article.

The most famous breeds of cows

The most famous breeds of cows

The best dairy breeds of cows are determined not only by the amount of the product obtained, but also by its quality, as well as the complexity of keeping, feeding and care.

  • Golshtinsky dairy breed Cows are considered the best among other representatives of this trend. Appeared in America, although it is believed that her homeland is Holland. The first outstanding quality is compatibility. This species can be easily crossed and improved, as it is easy to "adjust". The Holstein breed of cows has a large udder, the color is white to black, with a variegated spot. Burenka weight is from 700 to 750 kg, and champions reached 1 ton. The annual yield reaches an average of 7-8 tons.
  • Ayshirskaya Dairy It was bred in the XVIII century in Scotland. It has a remarkable red-motley coloring. Distinguished by the fact that already from 2 years old begins to give milk. The backbone is not large, it is often wound up for the sake of milk and meat. In a year they give 4.5-7 tons of milk with a fat content of 4-4.3%. The amount of product depends on the conditions of detention, climate, feeding. Among the shortcomings, it is important to note that it is difficult for the mind to adapt to the new climate for it, they do not like drought and heat. Best of all, they take root in northern America and Europe. Cows of the Ayshir breed are very unusual - they are shy, sometimes aggressive.
  • Dutch - The oldest of the existing dairy breeds and the most common in the world. Breeding dairy cows are very rare. And it is to them applies the Dutch. It appeared naturally, and not through crosses. There are several subspecies that are different in suit, but black and white are the most popular. Outwardly, it looks like Kholmogorsky, but this spot is less chaotic. In some cases, the weight can reach 800 kg, but more often it does not exceed 500 kg. Annual yield - 4-6 tons, with fat content - 3.6%.
  • Angelic or the Angler breed can produce up to 5.5 tons of product with a fat content of 4.2-5.2% per year. Such a female weighs about 500 kg. Like other dairy breeds of cows, this one does not require complicated maintenance, and the cost of feeding quickly pays for the resulting milk.
  • Jersey breed cows were bred in the eighteenth century in England. Known for the fact that it easily withstands any climate. But sometimes aggressive and requires special maintenance, so the plant more often on large farms. Color from fawn to brown, less often red, gray and black. Sizes are small, adult weighs up to 400 kg. It is characterized by a small amount of milk - 3.5 tons per year. But the quality of the product is excellent! Milk is thick and light yellow. The average fat content is 6-7%. Because of this, milk is immediately collected from milk, which is highly valued both in the homeland of the species and beyond.

Dairy breeds of cows in Russia

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Dairy breeds of cows in Russia

  • Yaroslavskaya - the best representative of a dairy cow in Russia. Outwardly almost completely black, with the exception of a few white spaces. Sometimes a reddish tint is added to the black color. External features - short limbs and strongly placed nipples on the udder. Weight - 400-500 kg. In a year it gives up to 6 tons of excellent milk with a fat content of 4-4.5%.
  • Black and white The cow appeared relatively recently. They took her to the USSR in 1959, and now she is very popular in Russia. Its weight does not reach 500 kg. But the main advantage is that it easily adapts to different climate conditions. A year can give 5.5-8 tons of milk, depending on the climate and the quality of the content. Yaroslavl cow black and motley inferior, except that the quality of the product.
  • Kholmogorskaya The cow, in spite of its milky "specialization", has a well-developed musculature. The skeleton is strong, the head is narrow. The color is white with large black spots. Weight about 550 kg. A year can give 4.5-5 tons of milk, but the figure depends on the content. If the animals are not cared for, the maintenance will not pay for itself, as indeed, in the case of keeping any kind of animals.
  • Red steppe different autonomy. It practically does not need to spend any effort. She herself grazes, much not smeared, like some other dairy breeds of cows. Thus, you can get milk without much effort. Representative weight up to 500 kg. Per year gives about 4 tons of high-fat product - 4-5%. Among the shortcomings are weak muscles and the backbone.

Recommendations for choosing a dairy cow

Recommendations for choosing a dairy cow

Depending on the choice of a calf or an already adult cow, a breeder can get a lot or little milk. And then, respectively, to expand or completely close the starting business. What to look for when choosing?

  1. Appearance. Dairy breeds of cows are very different from meat. They have an elongated body, straight back, dry, small head, on the neck there are many folds, thin limbs, volumetric udder of the cup-shaped form, the veins on the udder are clearly visible.
  2. Age. The first six years of life - the most productive in these animals. In this case, they give the first milk from 2-3 years.
  3. The quality of milk. It is advisable to check the quality and fat content of the milk, which gives the cow before purchase. This is done either to taste or through special analysis in the laboratory.

In addition, it is important not to forget about the correct content of an already selected cow. If the care or feeding substandard, then the yield will be scarce.

Interesting facts about the productivity of cows

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  • In 1983, a Holstein cow produced 10 tons of milk in 10 months! For the breed of dairy cows this is a record.
  • Although Jerseyskaya breed is not very productive - 3.5 tons of milk per year. But in Russia, breeders manage to get 5 tons per year with fat content of 7%! Perhaps the reason in the climate or nutrition - there is no exact, scientific explanation for this.
  • 211 tons of milk for 20 years of life produced a representative of the Holstein breed. This is still a record number.

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