Among the red gooseberry species the most popular is the Kolobok variety. It is grown in almost any climatic zone and gives great yields. This is an unpretentious plant. Gooseberry Kolobok has an excellent taste and can be used both fresh and for processing. The article describes the quality and methods of cultivation of the variety.
Description of the gooseberry variety Kolobok
Gooseberry Kolobok is a variety of medium ripening, obtained by breeders in 1988. The bush is big, with spreading, powerful pagonami. The shoots are smooth, they do not branch much. The color of the young branches is greenish with slight opacity, and the old pagons are gray. There are spikes, but not many of them, mostly located between the nodes. The leaves are large, with a smooth surface. Flowers are collected in a brush, have a light pink color with a greenish tint.
Gooseberry berries Kolobok ripen from the second half of summer
Berries are uneven in weight. There are medium ones, weighing 4-5 g each and large, up to 8 g. Usually the mass depends on how much the crop ripens simultaneously on the branches and on the climatic conditions. The shape of the berry is round, whence the name came. The color of the peel is red, a light gray coating is possible on top. The pulp is high in juice, sweet and sour.
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Among the most diverse varieties of gooseberry red, it is Kolobok that is in great demand. The reason is partly because it has already been tested not by one generation of gardeners, but partly in its quality characteristics.
The immune system is good. The bush rarely gets sick.
Frost resistance to -24 degrees.
Important! Gooseberry variety Kolobok should be watered in time so that the earth does not dry out. If moisture is lacking, it can start to hurt.
Gooseberry Kolobok photo
The bush suffers heat and cold without problems, but it can react negatively to a sharp temperature drop!
Tasting evaluation berries 4.6 points out of 5 possible.
Commercial quality berries, suitable for sale. They can also be transported over long distances if picked up several days before full maturity.
Productivity from a bush for a season of 8-13 kg.
The gooseberry of this variety is recommended to be planted on loamy, clayey or sandy, well-fertilized soil. Acidity should be weak. If the earth is acidic, then you need to make lime or dolomite flour before planting (2-3 weeks). The plot for a sapling is always prepared in advance, so that the earth can be compacted. When the acidity is adjusted to the ground fertilizer is applied and dug up.
If in the autumn the gooseberries are planted directly (left), then in the spring, so that new roots grow faster, only obliquely
Important! The gooseberry does not grow on marshy or podzolic soil.
Planting can be carried out in spring or late autumn. The place for the bush is chosen sunny, with a water table of 1.5-2 meters. And it should be borne in mind that after a raspberry or currant gooseberry grows bad!
The pit for planting digs a depth of 50 cm and the same diameter. At the bottom is placed wood ash mixed with compost. If the soil is poor, then you can add minerals. Now a hill is made of earth, and a bush is put on it. While one person holds the gooseberry Kolobok, the second straightens the roots and gently falls asleep bush from all sides.
When planting in the fall, the branches are usually not pruned, leaving this process in the spring
After planting, the earth is tamped with the hands, and the bush is watered with warm water. You can also immediately mulch the soil so that the moisture evaporates more slowly. As mulch usually take peat.
The undoubted advantage of this gooseberry is the rapid rooting of cuttings and young bushes. 1-3 weeks after planting, they go to growth. Due to this, it is possible to control the process and in case of what, to re-plant (if some plants did not survive).
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In areas with a temperate and temperate continental climate, gooseberry Kolobok grows without problems. And if you provide him with proper care, then in colder regions he will be able to produce greater yields.
Just planted bush well watered even in rainy weather
As the bush grows, it is necessary to loosen the ground under it and mulch it. As soon as the mulch starts to sweep, it is removed, the ground is loosened, and after 1-3 days the mulch is placed again. This will ensure regular nutrition and improve the composition of the soil. Mulch is recommended to cover throughout the summer so that the moisture does not evaporate. You can also lay it in the winter, but this will be discussed below.
Water the bush as needed. The earth should not crack from dryness! But the swamps under the bush can not be allowed. Usually, if the precipitations do not carry out sufficiently abundant watering 1-2 times a month.
Important! Kolobok is a strong-growing gooseberry variety. If it is not cut off, then in a few years it will become a huge bush. And even though he has not many thorns, it will not be easy to harvest. So trim should not be neglected!
Fertilize gooseberry Kolobok from 3 years after planting (if the land was originally fertilized). Bring under the gooseberry spring minerals (to activate growth), and in the winter - organic. The latter is brought under digging once every 2 years, not more often. Minerals can be added every season. Sometimes they are brought in the summer, except for spring, if, for example, a bush gets sick or if the crop is too much.
So that the bush does not grow strongly in all directions, the crown is regularly formed. It is better to do this 1-2 times a year than later, when the bush grows to throb about the thorns that do not allow to get close to the berries. Sick, old and damaged branches are harvested, leaving only young, strong ones.
The gooseberry variety Gingerbread Man is resistant to powdery mildew, but it can be sick with mosaic or be affected by pests such as fire pest, aphids and others. At first signs, it is worth using insecticides or fungicides. It is better to immediately stop the problem than to lose the whole bush.
For the winter, the bush must be insulated in order not to die out. To do this, it is enough to scatter the mulch into the root zone up to 25 cm thick. If the bush is small, you can cover it with insulating material, but this is not necessary.
Harvesting and storage
Gooseberry berries Kolobok ripen from the second half of summer. With good weather and proper care from the plant for the season removed about 10 kg of berries. Gather them in dry weather so that the berries are not wet. If you need to sell them, it is advisable to collect in advance, and if they go to fresh food, then it is better to hold them a little longer on the branches so that they become sweeter.
Vintage gooseberry bun
After picking a berry, you can use it for fresh use, cooking salads, canning (jams, preserves, compotes), freezing or cooking pastries, desserts. Store gooseberries in plastic bags. Dry berries are laid out in them, and then put in a cool room.
Reviews of gooseberry variety Kolobok
Among the novice gardeners and amateurs, professionals, the gooseberry variety Kolobok is in great demand.
Andrey LavrovA good variety of gooseberries In particular, if you leave them on the bush a little longer, they become straight sweet! ".
Marina Rumyantseva: "I grow only the Kolobok variety in principle. It is resistant to most diseases, makes frosts, despite the fact that it is very cold in my region in winter and yields great harvests. Many other varieties were planted before it, but they constantly died for one reason or another. Gingerbread man turned out to be the most resistant. There are 3 bushes growing on the site, I gather about 25 kg of crop per year and this is more than enough for my family. And there is enough for salads and preservation! "
Peter Krasnov: "Gooseberry Kolobok in our family is used only in jams, compotes. In winter, tea is very tasty, made from dried berries. In terms of cultivation, it cannot be said that it is a capricious plant. It grows quickly, recovers without problems after illness."