For all living things it is important to obtain nutrients. The apple tree needs additional fertilizing, because it is from them that the tree receives most of the nutrients that affect the fruiting and growth of the crop. The quality of the apples produced can also suffer due to lack of nutrition. This article will describe how to feed an apple tree in different seasons and periods of its development.
How to feed the apple tree in the spring
In winter, the apple tree does not need care, the tree “sleeps” all winter, before warming, therefore neither the nutrients nor the pruning are needed. But since the beginning of spring begins full-scale care. To begin with, sanitary pruning (sometimes forming) is carried out, spraying from pests, diseases, a tree is whitened, and its condition is checked after winter frosts. And after all these preparatory measures planned spring feeding of the tree is carried out.
How to feed the apple tree in the spring
In the spring, after winter, a lot of moisture is available to the tree (the snow is melting), but few nutrients, it is them that gardeners bring in to speed up the awakening of the apple tree, its growth, the development of leaves, flowers. In addition, fertilizing improves the immunity of the tree so that it can better resist various infections that can get into it from the outside. The first spring feeding is in the middle of April, when the first leaves begin to appear, and before that only preparatory work is carried out.
So, how to feed the apple tree in the spring? These are nitrogen-containing tukas and organic substances that contribute to activating the vegetative processes of the tree. Approximately 550 g of urea, 35 g of nitroammofoski and ammonium nitrate, or 5 buckets of humus are taken per adult tree. Only one of the options is chosen, since in the complex they simply burn the roots of the tree.
It is important! Use fresh manure for feeding the apple is not recommended! Fresh fertilizer literally in a matter of days will burn the vulnerable roots of the tree, which did not have time to get stronger after hibernation.
How to feed the apple tree during floweringRead also these articles.
- Goats breed Lamancha
- The best varieties of onions, how to grow and care
- When to make manure
- Kishmish grape variety 342
Nitrogen-containing fertilizers are useful for growth, but during flowering the tree needs other substances. How to feed an apple tree depends on many factors, but there are also universal options.
Feed the apple during flowering
- 100 g of superphosphate and 65 g of potassium sulfate;
- half a bucket of slurry;
- 1.5-2 liters of chicken manure;
- 275 g of urea.
All the above remedies are effective. The gardener only needs to choose one available tool, dilute it in 10 liters of water and use it to water the apple during flowering. On one adult tree about 3 such buckets are necessary.
How to feed the apple tree after flowering
After the tree has faded it must be fertilized again. This is done so that the fruits are better formed so that they do not crumble and that they are better poured. What to feed the apple tree during this period?
Top dressing apple after flowering
- The organic version is prepared from the green part of simple grass. It is placed in a bucket, filled with water and covered with a film (several holes are made in it so that the fertilizer “breathes”). After 3 weeks you can use it for watering;
- At 250 nitrophoska taken 5 grams of sodium humate and 50 liters of water. Under the tree you need to make about 3 buckets of this tool;
- If the weather is dry and rain is not expected, you can spray the tree with urea. This is a very effective tool, but during rainy weather, it is not suitable, as the rain just wash away the substance.
Summer feed and their featuresWe recommend reading our other articles.
- Strawberry variety Bereginya
- Kuban grape variety
- Growing watermelons in the greenhouse
- Grade of blackcurrant Gross
Summer tree care is somewhat different from spring and autumn. In the hot period of the year, an apple tree abundantly bears fruit or forms a fruit, so the main care is in pruning (if necessary) pruning, processing from pests and diseases, removing excess fruit. It may also require the installation of supports with an abundance of yield, but this is not a regular procedure.
Summer tree care is somewhat different from spring and autumn.
In order to quickly fill the fruits, they were sweet, healthy, the tree was also fed in the summer. This allows you to improve the quality of the fruit and reinforce the tree, which may suffer if the crop is abundant. Fertilizers are applied in the summer about once every 2-3 weeks.
- The first feeding is carried out in mid-June. The urea solution is sprayed on all sides of the tree. But this should be done in dry weather! If the rains are frequent, you can simply add the urea to the stem;
- In July, potash and phosphorus substances are introduced. They can be applied either under the root or by spraying. Spraying is more efficient, but not always available.
Important! Last summer feeding of the tree should be carried out about 3-4 weeks before the apples ripen, otherwise the fruit will be dangerous to eat!
What to feed the apple tree in the fall
Autumn dressing for apple trees is an optional procedure. In small farms, in small gardens it is carried out very rarely. But this does not mean that there is no good from it. Knowing how to feed an apple tree in the fall, you can significantly increase the yield next year and activate the protective forces of the tree that will be needed during the winter frosts.
What to feed the apple tree in the fall
The first autumn fertilizers can be started from the end of August. This is done so that the nutrients have time to digest the tree (it needs at least 3 weeks) and began to be activated before the first frost.
Interesting! With the first frost, the tree loses its ability to fully absorb moisture and nutrients from the earth with its roots, so all autumn dressings need to be made about 1-1.5 months before the onset of cold weather.
In the autumn for the tree the most important are only two elements - potassium and phosphorus. They help the tree to recover faster after fruiting, increase the resistance to frost and pests that can live in the tree for the winter. The table below shows organic and mineral fertilizers containing these substances.
|Mineral||Organic fertilizer||Mineral fertilizer|
|Phosphorus||Bone meal, wood ash, phosphorus enriched compost.||"Superphosphate", "Flour phosphate". "Double superphosphate", "Potassium monophosphate".|
|Potassium||Wood ash||Potassium Sulfate, Potassium Chloride, Potassium Salt.|
Fertilizer for fall is usually applied in dry form right under the root, buried in the ground. This is especially true for minerals. For example, "Superphosphate" simply crumbles into the root zone and is slightly covered with earth. Gradually, under the action of moisture, it decomposes, feeding the soil and wood.
What experts advise
It is believed that no top dressing will be as efficient as possible and, moreover, may even be harmful, if you do not take into account the peculiarities of wood, soil and climatic conditions in which it grows. Below are tips and advice on how to make feeding an apple tree more efficient.
Tips and tricks to make apple feeding more efficient.
- Before you feed the apple tree, you need to carry out all the preparatory work: pruning, processing from pests, diseases, whitewashing and so on.
- If the tree grows in acidic soil, it is necessary to lime it from time to time. This is very important, otherwise the apple tree will start to rot over time. To reduce the acidity is made dolomite flour, lime, but if they were not at hand, you can use chalk, old plaster, marl, kiln ash.
- If the acidity is reduced, the earth is oxidized, adding from time to time peat, compost, sawdust or similar substances.
- Feeding of young trees is carried out carefully. A high concentration of a substance can cause burns on the tender roots of a young apple tree.
- In the fall, fertilizing is brought only at the root due to frequent rains.
It is better not to make basic fertilizers under the trunk of the tree, but along the perimeter, under the crown, this is where the young roots are located, which quickly suck in nutrients from the ground.