Bashkir duck


Bashkir duck refers to the meat and egg direction. From representatives of the species you can get a lot of high-quality eggs and excellent meat for sale or for personal consumption. The article will deal with the content of the species, the rates of feeding, as well as its inherent characteristics.

Breed description

Bashkir ducks differ in appearance from their relatives, although a novice may confuse them with other colored breeds. The build is strong - the weight of an adult male can reach up to 4 kg. Chest wide, bulging slightly forward. Paws are placed widely, large, medium length. The wings are well developed, fit snugly to the body. The neck is thick and short. The head is large, the upper part is slightly flattened laterally. Bill is wide, medium size, slightly curved in the middle.

Exterior of the Bashkir duck

There are three officially registered types of ducks that differ in color: white, gray and blue. Their characteristics are about the same. The smallest weight has a blue duck, 3 kg, the rest - 3.5-4 kg. Egg production is the highest in blue - 260 eggs, in the second place white - 240, and in the third gray - 230 eggs per year.

Characteristics of the Bashkir duck

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The characteristics of the Bashkir ducks include both positive and negative traits.

  • The bird quickly acclimatizes and gets used to the new conditions of detention.
  • High productive qualities are noted not only when grown at poultry farms, but also when kept at a private farm.
  • The yield of meat from 4 kg - 70%. It has a pleasant, delicate taste, juicy, without a specific smell. Mass gain is fast - youngsters are allowed to slaughter from 2 months of life.

    Characteristics of the Bashkir duck

  • The fertility of eggs and the survival of the young are 80%. Females have a strong maternal instinct.
  • Duck eggs are carried from 4 months of age. During the season you can get up to 260 eggs weighing 80-90 grams. A special feature of Bashkir duck eggs is taste. As a rule, duck eggs do not eat, as they have a specific smell and taste. But in this case, the product has no unpleasant smell, has a lot of useful qualities and is often used in cooking. Some fans say that they taste even better than chicken.
  • When maintaining the Bashkir breed, it is imperative that clean, fresh water is available in the drinking bowl, since the contaminated can refuse to drink.
  • The breed has an increased appetite. An average of 2.7 kg of feed is needed per 1 kg of weight gain. At the same time the bird quickly gains muscle mass.

What are the difficulties of content?

In terms of content unpretentious. Bashkir ducks are grown at home and on an industrial scale. Place of cultivation does not matter, but the conditions of housing and care play a big role, as they affect the productive features of the bird.

Content of the Bashkir duck in winter and summer

  • Content can be any: cage, utyatnik, corral. The main thing that the temperature inside was within 7 degrees of heat in the winter, and in the summer kept cool.
  • It is best to raise the floor 25 cm above the ground so that it does not cool much in the winter, you should also make protection against rodents.
  • A light day indoors lasts 14 hours. For this, windows and artificial lighting are equipped.
  • Walking abundantly seeded with greens. It is advisable to equip an artificial reservoir or make an outlet to the natural, if there is one nearby.
  • Drinking troughs settle in the room and on the walk. The bird needs plenty of water, clean and fresh. You need to change it 2-3 times a day, in the summer more often, as it heats up quickly in the sun, and under a canopy, leaves and debris will fall into it with any gust of wind.
  • It is necessary to clean the house as often as possible so that the birds are kept clean. At least once a week, but better every 3 days. Drinkers and feeders are cleaned every day. Once a week they are recommended to be doused with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate to kill all the microbes.

What to feed the ducks?

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The Bashkir duck has a short intestine and an accelerated metabolism, which may cause some difficulties with feeding. It will be very good if we manage to find the compound feed developed for the breed, but not everyone has such luxury. In order for the bird to receive the norm of nutrients, the feed takes nutrients and additionally adds some complex vitamins and minerals to them.

Feeding ducklings

  • In winter and spring, it is recommended to make mash of silage, grass meal and cabbage. Pumpkin, potatoes and carrots are also added - these are vegetables that are abundant in winter. To increase the nutritional value of mixed bone, grass meal, silage.
  • In the summer of vegetables give only potatoes, carrots and pumpkin - cabbage is excluded. Also not given in the summer grass and bone meal, silage.
  • From grain ducks can be given barley, oats, wheat and corn. For ease of use they interfere and grind.
  • In a separate vessel there should always be chalk, crushed shell, limestone, gravel.
  • Salt is better to mix in small quantities in the mash or in the feed, if part of it.

They feed the bird three times a day, regardless of whether there is walking or not. If the bird does not want to eat, it will not. Morning and afternoon give mash made of vegetables, greens with the addition of vitamins. In the evening, give cereals. On average, the diet of an adult individual should consist of 55% of mixed feed and 45% of grain.

The chicks in the first week eat 8 times a day. Then they are transferred to 4 meals a day. Up to 10 days you can include cottage cheese (low fat), millet, chicken eggs (boiled), chopped greens, bread crumbs soaked in whey in the diet. At week 7, you can enter the grass meal and silage.

How to breed the Bashkir breed?

Breeding is possible through an incubator or hen. Bashkir duck has a higher maternal instinct. When breeding by a natural method, the female can jealously protect the offspring even from the breeder, not allowing him to pick up the young ducklings.

Breeding Bashkir duck

When incubated in an incubator, young individuals after birth are placed in a brooder, where they spend the first weeks of their lives. There they are provided with suitable conditions of detention, regular feeding, care.

In the first days, the room temperature should be 30 degrees, and by the 21st day it will be gradually reduced to 18 degrees. After the ducklings become accustomed, they can be let out for walking and on the pond with the mother.

Light day in the first days of life should be around the clock. By the 21st day, it is reduced (gradually) to 10 hours, and from the 5th month it is again increased to 15 hours.

It is important to note that with natural dilution, temperature and lighting are difficult to maintain. In this case, the ducklings move to a fenced building near their mother, where they can make the necessary conditions, or are completely given to the care of the female, who will take care of them. As noted by the breeders, even without observing the temperature and light, the survival rate of the young is high.