Livestock

Rabbit Disease

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Rabbits suffer from various diseases, like any other animals, they need care and care. Therefore, every breeder should be able to identify the disease or at least notice it in order to start treatment in time. Rabbit diseases can be contagious and non-contagious. In the first case, all the livestock of animals in the village may perish. The blessing to notice the problem is usually possible at an early stage.

What methods of prevention exist?

In order not to cure various diseases of rabbits, they can be prevented. There is a mass of preventive measures, due to which the risk of spreading and the appearance of infection is reduced to a minimum.

  • If the breeder decided to purchase new rabbits, it is necessary to keep the animals for some time in the detention center. If within a few days no diseases have been identified in new individuals, they can be relocated to common rabbitry.

    Disease prevention in rabbits

  • Disinfection of cells with rabbits, as well as their common rabbit, is carried out regularly - once a month or three. This is the most simple and effective prevention. If this rule is neglected, then sooner or later the disease will still appear - this can not be avoided. Additional cleaning is carried out before the purchase of new individuals, as well as before relocating them to a new room.
  • It is necessary to disinfect not only the premises, but also feeders, drinkers, other used equipment at least every 10 days.
  • Before mating, animals should be carefully examined for the presence of diseases, during pregnancy more attention is paid to the female, and the newborn rabbits are examined with a period of 10 days. When examining individuals, their pulse should be in the range of 120-160 beats, and the temperature should be 38.5-39.5 degrees.
  • At the first sign of any disease in rabbits, it is necessary to isolate the animal and call the veterinarian. He must confirm the type of illness, and prescribe treatment.

All these methods are aimed at preventing eared diseases, but they require additional time and effort of the breeder. That is why they are often ignored. But it is important to note that immediate work today can save the animal tomorrow, therefore, it is more expensive to procrastinate with prevention.

What are non-communicable diseases?

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Of non-infectious diseases of the rabbit is marked gastrointestinal disease. It manifests itself in small and large animals in the form of bloating, diarrhea, lack of excrement, faeces with mucus, poor appetite. The causes of illness can be several.

Infectious and non-communicable diseases of rabbits

  • Young rabbits, with a lack of mother's milk, begin to eat a rough feed: grain, hay, grass. However, their stomachs are very tender at a young age and are not intended for coarse food, so the mucous is scratched, wounds appear - the animal is sick.
  • The second possible development of the disease is poor-quality feed. Hay for rabbits is chosen soft. If it is coarse, the grass is sharp or the grain is old - the mucous will also be damaged, despite the age of the animal.

When diseases of the digestive tract appear, the animal becomes ill, then swelling occurs, after which the pet dies after 2-3 days.

The remaining non-communicable problems include frostbite of the ears, various wounds and bruises, heat stroke.

How to treat non-communicable diseases?

It is not difficult to cure gastrointestinal tract disease in rabbits, if treatment is started immediately, rather than waiting for the animal to have an appetite. The mistake of some breeders is that they immediately give the rabbits more feed, treats, as soon as they lose their appetite. Rabbits eat yummy food by force and die the next day. You can not do this!

If the animal has a swelling, it does not eat and does not go to the toilet badly, you should take it to the vet to determine if you need drugs or not. Then there is a pause in feeding. An animal should not be given food for 12-20 hours. The cage is removed so that it does not have food. After this time, the swelling should weaken. Only then can you begin to give food - soft, something like steamed grain with vegetables or soft, tender grass.

Non-contagious diseases of rabbits. Sunstroke

The treatment of different problems takes place in different ways. So, diarrhea is treated with a decoction of oak bark, and fresh carrots. For constipation, an enema based on a soap solution is effective, and for swelling, jogging and rubbing the tummy will help.

When frostbite heat stroke, as well as various bruises, fractures, it is best to treat the animal in the hospital under the supervision of a veterinarian. At home you can only give first aid:

  • during frostbite, transfer the animal to heat, smear the affected areas with melted fat;
  • with sunstroke, a simple shadow will help;
  • in the case of wounds and bruises, as well as fractures, you should immediately contact a veterinarian for help. The animal could pick up the infection, the bones often incorrectly fused - the risk is not appropriate here.

Meat rabbits, who suffered these ailments, are eaten, but what about infectious infections?

What diseases are contagious and their symptoms?

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The cause of the infectious disease of rabbits are usually parasites that infest the organs of the animal or on its body.

Infectious diseases of rabbits

  • Myxomatosis - the most dangerous disease, has two forms: nodular and edematous. Both are dangerous and both lead to death within 20 days. The first symptoms: the appearance of tumors, ulcers, continuous edema on any part of the body. Animals are slaughtered and burned with the carcass, because it is absolutely impossible to eat their meat.
  • Infectious mastitis manifested in the form of swelling and irritation on the nipples of the female. Only rabbits during lactation are subject to it. The disease is very dangerous and cannot be treated in its advanced form, the animal goes for slaughter. If the form is light - can be cured, but only under the supervision of a veterinarian.
  • Rhinitis or pasteurellosis can kill both an adult and small rabbits. Manifested in the form of sneezing, inflammation of the nose of the animal, runny nose, temperatures up to 40 degrees. The animal becomes depressed, does not eat. It is recommended to isolate sick animals, to kill, but not to eat meat, but to burn. If the disease is not running, you can try to cure by dripping 4 drops of furacilin solution into each crawl nostril. If the problem is not returned within 20 days, the animal is healthy.
  • Infectious stomatitis characteristic of baby rabbits who are not 90 days old. Manifested in the form of redness on the lips, tongue, nose. Over time, white plaque appears, ulcers develop. Then begins excessive salivation and shreds wool falls. The treatment consists of treating the mouth and nose with a solution of copper sulfate. An alternative may be streptocid: the floor of the tablet should be given immediately, and another half in 8 hours. Treatment is effective only if the disease is not running.
  • Spirochetosis - Sexually transmitted, but the male or the female can pick up the infection along with the food. Manifested in the form of puffiness of the genital organs, over time, discharge appears. The female gives only weak, painful offspring. Therefore, before mating, it is necessary to check both partners, and in the case of identifying the problem, or trying to cure the individual, or put it on the face.
  • Scabies appears due to tick bite. Most often, the tick bites the animal on the head, in the inner part of the ear. The main symptoms: loss of appetite, exhaustion, the appearance of bubbles on the skin, which burst, forming scabs. The skin is very irritated. The disease is dangerous, can cause death, so it is worth treating the crawl immediately. Treatment consists of treating turpentine wounds. After the crusts start to fall off, they are removed and burned.
  • Lice appears in the absence of sanitary conditions. Manifested in the form of bites on the skin of an animal, they look like red dots, over time there is a crust on the site of the bite, because the animal has been pulling it all the time. In this case, the crawl can quickly lose weight, loss of appetite is a frequent symptom of the problem. The treatment consists of rubbing a place against wool with a mixture of tobacco powder and naphthalene.

Only in certain infectious diseases is the meat of the animal suitable for human consumption. There is a crawl possible if he suffered: scabies, spirochetosis, infectious stomatitis or mastitis. Other diseases of rabbits listed above are much more dangerous. Therefore, the individual after death is burned along with the skin.

It is important to note that when any contagious disease appears, the animal is immediately isolated, and the cage is thoroughly disinfected along with drinkers, feeders and other similar devices.

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