Gardening

Peach pruning in spring

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Peach is a very capricious culture. It is necessary not only to plant and grow it correctly, but also to cut it. If in the case of other trees this is done from time to time, then the peach pruning is done annually in the spring, otherwise it will sharply reduce fruiting. How to do it and when it will be discussed in the article.

Why is peach pruning done?

From gardeners you can hear that pruning peach in the spring is mandatory. But why? What is its feature? The fact is that this tree loves light and heat. At low temperatures, in the shade it will not bear fruit and will die quickly, but, in a sunny, warm place, it begins to ripen instantly. Buds are formed in a short time, as well as sprouts.

Peach Trimming Tools

After a successful wintering on the tree can ripen more than 1000 ovaries. If pruning is not carried out - it will be a big burden for the tree, will reduce its resistance to diseases and pests. But, besides, on such a peach there will be very small fruits of poor quality and taste.

When do spring pruning take place?

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Branch formation using trimming

Spring pruning is not only mandatory, but also the main one. Additional make in the summer and autumn, if there is a need. Pruning peach spring is carried out in the period between the swelling of buds and flowering. During these 2-3 weeks, you need to have time to implement the procedure. This is the most favorable period, because the probability of infecting a tree through cuts is low, and at this time it is already possible to distinguish fruit buds.

What are the features of crown formation?

Peach Trimming Scheme

Even before planting a peach you need to think carefully about the place for it. For a tree, for the most part, they form a cup-like crown shape, and it can take up to 3 times more space than a free one from the same apple or pear tree.

How is a cup-like shape formed? Immediately after the young tree has taken root, or even before that, the main, straight branch is cut from above, so that shoots begin to form on its sides. Shtamb - 50-60 cm, the lower tier - no more than 4 skeletal branches, each of which has 2 semi-skeletal. On the second tier 5 half-skeletal branches are left. On all the remaining leaves are overgrown branches. After about 5 years, the tree will reach a height of 3 meters.

How to trim the peach?

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After planting a young tree or a sapling, it is necessary to cut off its tip by about 5 cm (depending on the length of the sprout or the height of the small tree) in order for the side pagons to form. It is desirable to leave no more than 4 side pagons. This will be the basis of the crown.

Pruning peach for several years

In subsequent years, before the peach pruning begins in the spring, it is worth determining in advance the amount of work. It is important to maintain a balance so that the fruit bearing branches are not very many, otherwise the skeletal pagons will be overloaded and the tree will bear few fruits. When cutting on each shoot leave 2-3 peepholes. In this case, those pagons that grow into the inner rather than the outer part of the crown and straight branches that grow horizontally upwards are cut first.

The cut should be smooth, sharp. If you cut for a long time or try to cut one branch several times, the tree will suffer. Immediately after the work, all sections are covered with garden pitch. Some gardeners recommend clay.

After a few years, when the tree begins to age, it is updated. For this, all branches that are more than 4 years old are cut off. If done correctly, the peach will again become fertile.

What should be considered when pruning?

What to consider when pruning a peach

  • Peach does not respond well to cuts. To minimize damage, very sharp garden shears, pruners or a knife are used for the procedure. Before use, they must be disinfected in a 3% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
  • All fruit-bearing branches of a peach grow at an angle of 45 degrees. This is a great landmark for young gardeners who are still not well versed in them.
  • Not every peach variety produces many fruits. If fruiting is low, about 150 branches are left when pruning a peach in spring, and if it is high, not more than 80.
  • Removal of the center pagon at an early age allows the sun to illuminate the entire crown in the summer, including the middle itself. If you leave the center pagon, then most of the tree will be darkened.
  • In spring, not only young, but also frozen, as well as dry twigs are pruned. They are easy to distinguish, but if you still miss a couple, they can be removed during the summer pruning.

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