Beekeeping

When guinea fowls begin to lay eggs

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Guinea fowl - a beautiful, poultry originally from Africa. Prefers dry or moderate, warm climate. However, with proper arrangement of the house and high-quality feeding can live even in the northern regions with harsh weather conditions. It will be described below when guinea fowls begin to lay eggs, their level of productivity, quality and useful secrets that skilled breeders share.

What are the features of guinea fowl eggs?

Guinea fowl egg has an unusual, slightly triangular shape. It weighs about 40-46 g. To their features include several important points.

Nutritional Value of Guinea Fowl Eggs

  • The shell is very hard in comparison with the chicken.
  • Cholesterol is low.
  • Hypoallergenic - recommended for allergies.
  • Despite its smaller size, it contains 1.5-2 times more vitamins, minerals and other beneficial substances.
  • Stored for up to six months in the refrigerator, and at the same time do not lose their benefits.
  • Not affected by Salmonella.

An interesting feature is that the larger and more mature the guinea fowl, the larger it carries eggs. Juveniles give very small testicles, they cannot even be used for incubation.

When the guinea fowl rush?

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Usually guinea fowl begin to rush from 8 months. But with a balanced, high-quality nutrition, they begin to rush 2 months earlier. As for the time of year, these are most often warm days: summer, spring or early autumn. That is why they are provided with the most comfortable conditions in winter in order to prolong the laying season.

When the guinea fowl rush

Rush about 9 months (if the content includes an adjustable climate and lighting). They are characterized by the increasing type of laying. First, they give 2-6 eggs, then the number increases, and at the end of these 9 months - reduced. The most frequent season when guinea fowls begin to lay eggs - the end of winter or the beginning of spring.. And egg-laying ends in October-November. The most active period is May-June.

It has been observed that laying hens only carry eggs until lunchtime, so in order to facilitate their collection, it is recommended that birds be released for walking up to 1-2 hours of the day. After two, they are driven into the aviary and walked along the aviary in which they walked. Eggs are hard not to notice, firstly, they have a characteristic brown color, which is clearly visible on the greenery and the ground (it is much darker), and secondly, guinea fowl like to be carried in one place, so the clutch can be of decent size.

How to increase egg production?

In the year the guinea fowl can produce about 120 eggs. This is the average for all breeds with good content. Compared to chickens, this is not enough, so many questions arise in the breeders' circles about whether there is a way to increase their productivity. You should not count on a miracle in this matter. The bird will not carry 100 or even 50 eggs more than before. But a little egg production can be increased.

Feeding of guinea fowl to increase egg production

  • White guinea fowls give the most eggs, therefore, to get them, it is better to breed white breed.
  • The temperature of the room in which they are contained must be at least 20 degrees Celsius. Chill reduces egg production.
  • On the productive quality affects and lighting. In winter, for example, the light in the house should be lit from 7 am to 10 pm. If it is little or much, the condition of the bird will deteriorate.
  • When using feed, guinea fowl more rush.
  • These birds began to be domesticated relatively recently. That is why it is recommended to provide them with maximum freedom of movement. If you try to keep them in a cage, they will simply stop rushing. The same applies to the house. Experts recommend to let them go for a walk even in winter, only on a prepared wooden platform, so that they do not walk on snow or cold ground. With maximum freedom, their egg production will increase.

Many breeders, in order to increase egg production, build nests in the house when guinea fowls begin to lay eggs. But it does not help them and will not contribute. They rarely rush into nests. It is inherent to them to independently find a comfortable place where they can lay eggs. The most interesting is that this place is chosen one for several individuals. In a short time in some corner or even in the middle of the house they can lay 5-10 eggs. Therefore, it is necessary to frequently drop in on them and remove eggs in time so that they do not get damaged.

What experts advise?

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Laying guinea fowl

  • During the incubation of the offspring, the guinea fowl ceases to nest, its egg production falls accordingly. Therefore, if it is necessary to increase its productivity, it is necessary to take out fresh eggs all the time and raise offspring only in an incubator.
  • When the guinea fowl begins to carry eggs, it is necessary to provide an enhanced diet, the most rich in vitamins. This is done so that the bird is not weakened and in order to support its immune system.
  • Guinea fowls often hide masonry, or rather just rush into hard to reach places. The breeder may think that the bird is not rushing, but in fact, somewhere in the depths of the house or in the street there are already 10 eggs lying. To this did not happen you need to watch the bird. Like chickens, they notify the neighborhood that an egg was laid, so you just need to go on their cry to find a clutch.

In good conditions, a bird can produce up to 200 eggs per year - these are proven numbers. However, for this you need to invest in good food, heating the house, its lighting and arrangement. Productivity in this case is directly dependent on care.

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